Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr. played a key role in the American Civil Rights Movement from the mid-1950s until his assassination in 1968. A Baptist minister, King used non-violent protest to fight for equality for African Americans, the economically disadvantaged and all victims of injustice. His social activism included events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Selma to Montgomery March, and the March on Washington, where he delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968, and is honored each January with a US federal holiday.