Braxton Bragg (1817-1876) was a U.S. Army officer who served as a Confederate general during the Civil War (1861-65). Bragg entered the war in 1861 and was promoted to full general after General Albert Sidney Johnston’s death at the Battle of Shiloh in 1862. As commander of the Army of Tennessee, Bragg conducted operations in Kentucky and Tennessee, withdrawing after the Battles of Perryville and Stones River in late 1862 and early 1863. Bragg later achieved the most significant Confederate victory in the Western Theater at the Battle of Chickamauga in September 1863, but was defeated by General Ulysses S. Grant at Chattanooga. Replaced by Joseph E. Johnston in December 1863, Bragg later served as an advisor to Confederate President Jefferson Davis and as commander of the coastal defenses of Wilmington, North Carolina. After the Civil War Bragg worked as a civil engineer in Alabama and Texas. He died in 1876 at the age of 59.